Trafficking in persons is the acquisition of people by means such as force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them. Smuggling of migrants involves the financial or other material benefit procurement of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident. Virtually every country in the world is affected by these crimes. The challenge for all countries, is to target the criminals who exploit desperate people. To protect and assist these victims of trafficking and smuggled migrants, many of whom endure unimaginable hardships in their bid for a better life.