THE AFRICAN SAHEL

INTRO

By geographic definition, the Sahel stretches from the Senegal coast through Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, and Eritrea. The Sahel region is approximately 3,860 kilometers directly located to the south of the Sahara desert. Also, it is considered to be the site where cultures, such as Arabic, Islamic, nomadic, and southern African’s indigenous and traditional cultures, meet and interact. This particular region is surrounded by many concerns that include: Environmental, population displacement, and terrorism. Climate change is a challenge that may strengthen the lack of water and food in the region. Violence and terrorism are at extremely high rates in the region of Sahel. The region has been the place where Religious terrorism, rebellions, which are composed of groups of terrorists that are against their government, drug trafficking, and human trafficking are constantly increasing. Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group that is a huge threat to most countries of the Sahel, operates in most countries of the Sahel which results in regular terrorists attacks, rapes, and kidnapping.

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