BLURSomalia ranks amongst the ten poorest countries in the world. With a population of around 12.3 million it is estimated that 43 per cent of the population live in extreme poverty (less than 1 US dollar a day) and over half of the labour force are unemployed. More than twenty years of conflict, mostly in southern Somalia, destroyed much of the infrastructure, economy and legitimate institutions. After Siad Barre’s government collapsed, in January 1991, the country fragmented. In 2012, a new federal government was established in Mogadishu and an African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) force joined the Somali forces to fight the militant Al Shabaab group. Conflict continues in the South where access is problematic while in the north Somaliland and Puntland have remained relatively peaceful. One million Somali refugees are in neighbouring countries. Another 1.1 million are internally displaced.

- UNICEF 2018B