THE UNITED NATIONS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
UKRAINE INTRODUCTION PAGE
More than 10,000 people have died in eastern Ukraine since Russia annexed the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea and pro-Russian separatists gained control of Ukraine's eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk. Approximately 1.8 million people are internally displaced or have fled the region as refugees.
The humanitarian situation in eastern Ukraine remains critical. The hostilities picked up again on both sides of the ‘contact line’ after a relative lull in January, while harsh weather conditions, with temperatures plummeting to below -20 Celsius over the last week of February further deepened people’s suffering. Disruption of critical water and power supply infrastructure due to heavy snow or indiscriminate shelling meant that at least 70 settlements on both sides of the ‘contact line’ remained without heat or water, sometimes for days.
Protection and wellbeing of civilians remain a major concern, due to daily shelling and heightened risk of mines, Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and Unexploded Ordnances (UXOs) explosion. OHCHR recorded 5 civilians killed and 20 injured in the first two months of 2018.