CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bonds which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
rebel CPC (Coalition of Patriots for Change
regime, President Faustin-Archange Touadéra
The government is headed by the former Minister of Finance, Henri-Marie Dondra, a member of Touadéra’s United Hearts Movement (MCU) party which dominates the political scene along with its allies.
With more than 12,000 personnel, the UN peacekeeping force MINUSCA has been in the Central African Republic since September 15, 2014, with a primary mandate to protect civilians. Since the departure of French troops in 2016, the Central African Republic has also been receiving bilateral military support from Russia (since October 9, 2017, in the context of talks between President Touadéra and the Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov) and from Rwanda (since October 15, 2019 in the context of President Paul Kagame’s visit to the country).
The Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation (APPR-CAR) signed on February 6, 2019 with 14 armed groups, provides a roadmap to long-term stability and peace, even after armed groups linked to the CPC left the agreement in December 2020. Based on UNHCR data as of January 30, 2021, there were more than 632,000 refugees and 630,834 displaced persons in the country because of the persistent insecurity.
Post-electoral disputes and the related waves of insecurity are expected to slow the economy in 2021, owing, among other things, to the blockade of the Bangui-Douala corridor, which adversely affected economic activity and tax revenues.